Music Appreciation – Introduction to the Orchestra (Understanding Music) Listen to this 10 minute Music Appreciation Lesson on an Introduction to the Orchestra:
The Big Five orchestras of the United States are the five symphony orchestras that led the field in “musical excellence, caliber of musicianship, total contract weeks, weekly basic wages, recording guarantees, and paid vacations” When the term gained currency in the late 1950s and for some years afterwards. In order of foundation, they were:
- New York Philharmonic (founded in 1842)
The New York Philharmonic, officially the Philharmonic-Symphony Society of New York, Inc., globally known as New York Philharmonic Orchestra (NYPO) or New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra, is a symphony orchestra based in New York City. It is one of the leading American orchestras popularly referred to as the “Big Five“. The Philharmonic’s home is David Geffen Hall, located in New York’s Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
- Boston Symphony Orchestra (founded in 1881)
The Boston Symphony Orchestra (BSO) is an American orchestra based in Boston, Massachusetts. It is one of the five major American symphony orchestras commonly referred to as the “Big Five“. Founded in 1881, the BSO plays most of its concerts at Boston’s Symphony Hall and in the summer performs at Tanglewood.
- Chicago Symphony Orchestra (founded in 1891)
The Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO) was founded by Theodore Thomas in 1891. The ensemble makes its home at Orchestra Hall in Chicago and plays a summer season at the Ravinia Festival. The music director is Riccardo Muti, who began his tenure in 2010.
- Philadelphia Orchestra (founded in 1900)
The Philadelphia Orchestra is an American symphony orchestra, based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. One of the “Big Five” American orchestras, the orchestra is based at the Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts, where it performs its subscription concerts, numbering over 130 annually, in Verizon Hall.From its founding until 2001, the Philadelphia Orchestra gave its concerts at the Academy of Music. The orchestra continues to own the Academy, and returns there one week per year for the Academy of Music’s annual gala concert and concerts for school children. The Philadelphia Orchestra’s summer home is the Mann Center for the Performing Arts. It also has summer residencies at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center, and since July 2007 at the Bravo! Vail Valley Festival in Vail, Colorado. The orchestra also performs an annual series of concerts at Carnegie Hall. From its earliest days the orchestra has been active in the recording studio, making extensive numbers of recordings, primarily for RCA Victor and Columbia Records.
- Cleveland Orchestra (founded in 1918)
The Cleveland Orchestra, based in Cleveland, is one of the five American orchestras informally referred to as the “Big Five“. Founded in 1918 by the pianist and impresario Adella Prentiss Hughes, the orchestra plays most of its concerts at Severance Hall. As of 2017, the incumbent music director is Franz Welser-Möst.